The first thing we are going to do is to fly to the United Kingdom. Prepares your bags, take your plane ticket and your passport and go to the airport in your city. When you get on the plane, you will hear a message from the captain. Pay attention, then you will have to answer some questions.
Click here: On board
0. Where is the flight going to? A. ⊠ Heathrow
B. ⧠ Gatwick
C. ⧠ London City
1. What is the flight number? A. ⧠ BA 350
B. ⧠ BH 350
C. ⧠ BA 330
2. At what attitude will the plane fly? A. ⧠ At 30,000 meters
B. ⧠ At 33,000 meters
C. ⧠ At 13,000 meters
3. What time is the plane due to arrive? A. ⧠ At half past two
B. ⧠ At ten to five
C. ⧠ At ten to seven
4. What is the weather like in London
at the moment? A. ⧠ Cloudy with light rain
B. ⧠ Sunny with warm temperatures
C. ⧠ Cold but with some sunshine
5. How much do headphones cost? A. ⧠ 3€
B. ⧠ 2.50€
C. ⧠ 1.50€
6. Passengers can take the flight
magazine with them… A. ⧠ If they pay 1€
B. ⧠ For free
C. ⧠ If they pay £1
7. Who might see now on the Pyrenees? A. ⧠ All passengers
B. ⧠ Passengers on one side
C. ⧠ Passengers at the front
8. The flight may arrive late due to… A. ⧠ Winds
B. ⧠ Storms
C. ⧠ Turbulence
9. Non-Europeans must complete a form in… A. ⧠ Black pen
B. ⧠ Black or blue pen
C. ⧠ Pencil
10. Passengers who are going to take another
plane from Heathrow must go to… A. ⧠ Terminal 4
B. ⧠ The ground floor
C. ⧠ 2nd floor Terminal 2
[has/have + past participle]
- You have seen that movie many times.
- Have you seen that movie many times?
- You have not seen that movie many times.
USE 1 Unspecified Time Before Now
We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc.
- I have seen that movie twenty times.
- I think I have met him once before.
- There have been many earthquakes in California.
- People have traveled to the Moon.
- People have not traveled to Mars.
- Have you read the book yet?
- Nobody has ever climbed that mountain.
- A: Has there
ever been a war in the United States?
B: Yes, there has been a war in the United States.
How Do You Actually Use the Present Perfect?
The concept of "unspecified time" can be very confusing to English learners. It is best to associate Present Perfect with the following topics:
TOPIC 1 Experience
You can use the Present Perfect to describe your experience. It is like saying, "I have the experience of..." You can also use this tense to say that you have never had a certain experience. The Present Perfect is NOT used to describe a specific event.
- I have been to
This sentence means that you have had the experience of being in France. Maybe you have been there once, or several times.
- I have been to
France three times.
You can add the number of times at the end of the sentence.
- I have never been to
This sentence means that you have not had the experience of going to France.
- I think I have seen that movie before.
- He has never traveled by train.
- Joan has studied two foreign languages.
- A: Have you
ever met him?
B: No, I have not met him.
TOPIC 2 Change Over Time
We often use the Present Perfect to talk about change that has happened over a period of time.
- You have grown since the last time I saw you.
- The government has become more interested in arts education.
- Japanese has become one of the most popular courses at the university since the Asian studies program was established.
- My English has really improved since I moved to Australia.
TOPIC 3 Accomplishments
We often use the Present Perfect to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. You cannot mention a specific time.
- Man has walked on the Moon.
- Our son has learned how to read.
- Doctors have cured many deadly diseases.
- Scientists have split the atom.
Read the extract from the email you received from your friend Emily.
I hear you’ve moved to London!
Where are you living? Do you like your new job? What’s the weather
-Write an email to Emily and give her all the information she asked for and any other relevant information.
-Write between 120-140 words in an appropriate style (remember use some examples of present perfect), and send it to your teacher.
-Read the text below and underline the correct answer A, B, C .
For those who are new to the city, Glasgow is a wonderful place to explore, to try something new, develop your skills and get an excellent education. Those students already living in Glasgow will know what a great city it is, but will now get to experience it from the perspective of a new student. Glasgow is one of the most exciting cities in the UK and has one of the largest student populations. You will find something to cater for every taste, be it dancing until 3am, shopping for the latest fashions, sampling some of the local music, or relaxing in one of the many coffee shops. The University offers many opportunities to get involved in student life. Join one of our two Student Unions, both offering endless hours of entertainment. Become a member of a club or society or start your own – an ideal way to make new friends. Make a difference by standing for election in the Students’ Representative Council. Become a Student Ambassador and assist at Open Days and Campus Visits. These are just a few of the ways you can make your time at university as fulfilling and exciting as possible. Life at the University of Glasgow is more than just getting a degree.
0. Underline the correct answer according to the text.
Your teacher will send you the answers next Monday.
Your teacher will send you the answers next Monday.
Example: Glasgow is a...
A. fantastic city
B. surprising city
C. Beautiful city
1. Who is the article for?
A. Students who are new to the city
B. Students from Glasgow who are new to the university
C. All new students
2. What activities are mentioned?
A. Local dance classes and playing music.
B. Shopping until late and relaxing in the local bars.
C. Night life and clothes shopping
3. Which of the following can students do to get involved in student life?
A. Create a club or society
B. Join both student unions
C. Start your own band
4. According to the text, you can make a difference by
A. Becoming a member of a society
B. Getting involved in student elections
C. Organizing campus visits
Present Perfect Continuous
FORM [has/have + been + present participle]
- You have been waiting here for two hours.
- Have you been waiting here for two hours?
- You have not been waiting here for two hours.
I have been sleeping.
I have not been sleeping.
Have I been sleeping?
You have been sleeping.
You have not been sleeping.
Have you been sleeping?
We have been sleeping.
We have not been sleeping.
Have we been sleeping?
They have been sleeping.
They have not been sleeping.
Have they been sleeping?
He has been sleeping.
He has not been sleeping.
Has he been sleeping?
She has been sleeping.
She has not been sleeping.
Has she been sleeping?
It has been sleeping.
It has not been sleeping.
Has it been sleeping?
USE 2 Recently, Lately
You can also use the Present Perfect Continuous WITHOUT a duration such as "for two
weeks." Without the duration, the tense has a more general meaning of "lately." We often
use the words "lately" or "recently" to emphasize this meaning.
- Recently, I have been feeling really tired.
- She has been watching too much television lately.
- Have you been exercising lately?
- Mary has been feeling a little depressed.
- Lisa has not been practicing her English.
- What have you been doing?
Exercise 1. Click here
Exercise 2. Click here
You will hear 5 extracts of people talking about their hobbies. There are 2 tasks.
Click here: Hobbies
-As you listen, chose form list A-F which hobby each speaker talks about.
-Use the letters only once.
-There is ONE extra letter, which you do not need to use.
-Now you have 20 seconds to read the questions below before you listen.
First you will listen to an example. Listen to Speaker 0, answer G is the correct answer.
What is each speaker’s hobby?
Speaker 0 G
C- Playing the piano
E- Going to the gym
-Now listen again to the same speakers.
-When does each person practice/do their hobby? As you listen, choose from the list A to F.
-There is one extra letter, which you do not need to use.
-You now have 20 seconds to read the questions.
When does each speaker practice or do his/her hobby?
A. At night
B. At midday
D. At weekends
E. Monday to Friday
F. After work